Relación entre los ácidos biliares y la microbiota intestinal ¿es posible considerarlo como un factor etiológico en diversas colangiopatías? Una revisión narrativa

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35454/rncm.v4n4.287

Palabras clave:

Microbiota, Ácidos biliares, Colangiopatías

Resumen

Los ácidos biliares, cuyo precursor es el colesterol de la dieta, tienen una importancia fundamental en el metabolismo de los lípidos ingeridos, siendo tal vez su función más divulgada. Sin embargo, estos interactúan de manera recíproca con el metabolismo bacteriano intestinal, mediante las señales moleculares, que permiten una modificación tanto en la abundancia como en la diversidad de la microbiota intestinal. Esta última se ha considerado como el nuevo órgano, y ha tenido un estudio a profundidad en los últimos años gracias a los avances y la optimización en los métodos diagnósticos, lo que permite determinar su implicación en enfermedades no solo del tracto gastrointestinal, sino a nivel sistémico.

El objetivo de la presente revisión es identificar las diferentes alteraciones en la transformación de los ácidos biliares primarios a secundarios, y cómo estos cambios generan una modificación en la composición de la microbiota intestinal, lo que genera procesos de inflamación crónica, mediado por diferentes vías de señalización, siendo factores etiológicos para un sin número de patologías que comprometen los colangiocitos.

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2021-07-18

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Jaillier, A. M., Waitzberg, D., & Becerra Romero, J. A. (2021). Relación entre los ácidos biliares y la microbiota intestinal ¿es posible considerarlo como un factor etiológico en diversas colangiopatías? Una revisión narrativa. Revista De Nutrición Clínica Y Metabolismo, 4(4). https://doi.org/10.35454/rncm.v4n4.287

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