Bancos de leche humana y COVID-19: revisión de alcance sistemático

Palabras clave: Leche materna, Bancos de leche, Virus del SARS, Infecciones por coronavirus


Revisar la información publicada sobre el manejo de la bioseguridad en los bancos de leche humana, el procesamiento de muestras de leche humana y la selección de donantes durante la pandemia por COVID-19.


La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.


Adhikari SP, Meng S, Wu Y-J, Mao Y-P, Ye R-X, Wang Q-Z, et al. Epidemiology, causes, clinical manifestation and diagnosis, prevention and control of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) during the early outbreak period: a scoping review. Infect Dis Poverty. 2020;9: 29. doi:

COVID-19 Host Genetics Initiative. The COVID-19 Host Genetics Initiative, a global initiative to elucidate the role of host genetic factors in susceptibility and severity of the SARS-CoV-2 virus pandemic. Eur J Hum Genet. 2020;28(6):715-8. doi:

Lu R, Zhao X, Li J, Niu P, Yang B, Wu H, et al. Genomic characterisation and epidemiology of 2019 novel coronavirus: implications for virus origins and receptor binding. Lancet. 2020;395(10224):565-74. doi:

Gorbalenya AE, Baker SC, Baric RS, de Groot RJ, Drosten C, Gulyaeva AA, et al. The species Severe acute respiratory syndrome- related coronavirus : classifying 2019-nCoV and naming it SARS-CoV-2. Nat Microbiol. 2020: 536-544. doi:

Jiang S, Shi Z, Shu Y, Song J, Gao GF, Tan W, et al. A distinct name is needed for the new coronavirus. Lancet. 2020; 395(10228): 949. doi:

World Health Organization (WHO). Naming the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and the virus that causes it [Internet]. WHO; 2020 [citado 2 de abril de 2020]. Disponible en:

Rabi FA, Al Zoubi MS, Kasasbeh GA, Salameh DM, Al-Nasser AD. SARS-CoV-2 and Coronavirus Disease 2019: What we know so far. Pathogens. 2020;9(3):231. doi:

Cui J, Li F, Shi Z-L. Origin and evolution of pathogenic coronaviruses. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2019;17(3):181-92. doi:

Guan W-J, Liang W-H, Zhao Y, Liang H-R, Chen Z-S, Li Y-M, et al. Comorbidity and its impact on 1590 patients with Covid-19 in China: A nationwide analysis. Eur Respir J. 2020;55(5): 2000547. doi:

The Lancet. Redefining vulnerability in the era of COVID-19. Lancet. 2020;395(10230):1089. doi:

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). People at Higher Risk for Severe Illness. People with certain medical conditions [Internet].CDC; August 14, 2020 [citado 2 de junio de 2020]. Disponible en:

BBC. Coronavirus confirmed as pandemic by World Health Organization. [Internet]. 11 de marzo de 2020 [Fecha de consulta: Mayo 25 2020]. Disponible en:

Davanzo R, Moro G, Sandri F, Agosti M, Moretti C, Mosca F. Breastfeeding and coronavirus disease-2019: Ad interim indications of the Italian Society of Neonatology endorsed by the Union of European Neonatal & Perinatal Societies. Matern Child Nutr. 2020;16(3):e13010. doi:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Safety in Maternity Care [Internet]. CDC; January 5th, 2020 [citado 10 de mayo de 2020]. Disponible en:

Shenker N, Virtual Collaborative Network of Human Milk Banks and Associations. Maintaining safety and service provision in human milk banking: a call to action in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2020;4(7):484-85. doi:

Ministerio de Salud. Banco de Leche humana en Colombia [Internet]. [Fecha de consulta 2 de junio de 2020]. Disponible en:

Dirección de Promoción y Prevención.Subdirección de Salud Nutricional, Alimentos y Bebidas. Lineamientos Técnicos para la Estrategia de Bancos de Leche Humana en Colombia Dirección de Promoción y Prevención [Internet]. Ministerios de Salud y Protección Social; Marzo de 2019. [Fecha de consulta: Marzo 20 2020]. Disponible en:écnicos-banco-de-leche-humana.pdf.

Peila C, Moro GE, Bertino E, Cavallarin L, Giribaldi M, Giuliani F, et al. The effect of holder pasteurization on nutrients and biologically-active components in donor human milk: A review. Nutrients. 2016;8(8):477. doi:

Marinelli KA. International Perspectives Concerning Donor Milk Banking During the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Pandemic. J Hum Lact. 2020;36(3):492-97. doi:

Peila C, Emmerik NE, Giribaldi M, Stahl B, Ruitenberg JE, van Elburg RM, et al. Human milk processing: A systematic review of innovative techniques to ensure the safety and quality of donor milk. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2017;64(3):353-61. doi:

Munn Z, Peters MDJ, Stern C, Tufanaru C, McArthur A, Aromataris E. Systematic review or scoping review? Guidance for authors when choosing between a systematic or scoping review approach. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2018;18(1):143. doi:

Joanna Briggs Institute. Apprais tools use JBI Syst Rev [Internet]. 2017;1-7. [Fecha de consulta: 2 de junio 2020] Disponible en:

Clarke NM. May JT. Effect of antimicrobial factors in human milk on rhinoviruses and milk born cytomegalovirus in vitro. J Med Microbiol. 2000;49(8):719-23. doi:

van Doremalen N, Bushmaker T, Karesh WB, Munster VJ. Stability of middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus in milk. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(7):1263-4. doi:

Liberati A, Altman DG, Tetzlaff J, Mulrow C, Gøtzsche PC, Ioannidis JPA, et al. The PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies that evaluate healthcare interventions: explanation and elaboration. BMJ. 2009;339: b2700. doi:

Tricco AC, Lillie E, Zarin W, O’Brien KK, Colquhoun H, Levac D, et al. PRISMA extension for scoping reviews (PRISMA-ScR): Checklist and explanation. Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):467-73. doi:

European Milk Bank Association (EMBA). COVID-19: EMBA Position Statement. [Internet]. EMBA; February 25th, 2020. [Fecha de consulta: 11 de mayo de 2020]. Disponible en:

Rede Global de Bancos de Leite Humano. Rede Ibero-americana enfrentando o COVID-19: Boas Práticas em Bancos de Leite Humano [Internet]. rBLH Brasil. 2020 [Fecha de consulta: 15 de mayo de 2020]. Disponible en:

World Health Organization (WHO). Infection prevention and control during health care when COVID-19 is suspected: interim guidance [Internet]. World Health Organization; 2020. [Fecha de consulta: 2 de junio de 2020]. Disponible en:

Kleist SA, Knoop KA. Understanding the Elements of Maternal protection from Systemic Bacterial Infections during Early Life. Nutrients. 2020; 14(12): 1045; doi:

Jayagobi PA, Mei Chien C. Maintaining a Viable Donor Milk Supply During the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Pandemic. J Hum Lact. 2020. doi:

De Rose DU, Reposi MP, Amadio P, Auriti C, Dall’Oglio I, Corsetti T, et al. Use of Disinfectant Wipes to Sanitize Milk’s Containers of Human Milk Bank During COVID-19 Pandemic. J Hum Lact. 2020;36(3): 547-49. doi:

Furlow B. US NICUs and donor milk banks brace for COVID-19. Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2020;4(5):355. doi: Milk Banling and COVID 19 [Internet]. [citado 15 de mayo de 2020]. p. 1-3. Disponible en:

Berveiller P, Guerby P, Garabedian C. COVID19 and Breastfeeding: Not That Simple. J Hum Lact. 2020;36(2): 369-70. doi:

Kampf G, Todt D, Pfaender S, Steinmann E. Persistence of coronaviruses on inanimate surfaces and their inactivation with biocidal agents. J Hosp Infect. 2020;104(3):246-51. doi:

Wesolowska A, Sinkiewicz-Darol E, Barbarska O, Bernatowicz-Lojko U, Borszewska-Kornacka MK, van Goudoever JB. Innovative techniques of processing human milk to preserve key components. Nutrients. 2019;11(5):1169. doi:

Chin AWH, Chu JTS, Perera MRA, Hui KPY, Yen H-L, Chan MCW, et al. Stability of SARS-CoV-2 in different environmental conditions. Lancet Microbe. 2020;1(1):e10. doi:

Aceti A, Cavallarin L, Martini S, Giribaldi M, Vitali F, Ambretti S, Zambrini V, et al. Effect of alternative pasteurization techniques on human milk’s bioactive proteins. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2020;70(4):508-12. doi:

Lackey K, Pace R, Willams J, Bode L, Donovan Sh, Järvinen K, Seppo A, Raiten D, Meeham C, McGuire M MGM. SARS-Co-V -2 and human milk: what is the evidence? MdedRxiv. 2020;1-22.

Pan Y, Zhang D, Yang P, Poon LLM, Wang Q. Viral load of SARS-CoV-2 in clinical samples. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020;20(4):411-12. doi:

Darnell MER, Taylor DR. Evaluation of inactivation methods for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus in noncellular blood products. Transfusion. 2006;46(10):1770-7. doi:

Gayà A, Calvo J. Improving pasteurization to preserve the biological components of donated human milk. Front Pediatr. 2018;6: 288. doi:

Pitino MA, O´Connor DL, Mcgeer AJ, Unger S. The impact of thermal pasteurization on viral load in human milk and other matrices : A rapid review. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2020. doi:

Groß R, Conzelmann C, Müller JA, Stenger S, Steinhart K, Kirchhoff F, et al. Detection of SARS-CoV-2 in human breastmilk. Lancet. 2020; 395(10239). doi:

Marinelli KA. Wet Nurses to Donor Milk Banks and Back Again: The Continuum of Sharing Our Milk to Save Lives. J Hum Lact. 2020;36(2):213-16. doi:

Bar-Yam N. Important Milk Bank COVID-19 Update [Internet]. Mothers´Milk Bank Northeast;2020 [Fecha de consulta: 2 de junio de 2020]. Disponible en:

Black RF. Transmission of HIV-1 in the breast feeding process. J Am Diet Assoc. 1996;96(3):267-74. doi:

Chen H, Guo J, Wang C, Luo F, Yu X, Zhang W, et al. Clinical characteristics and intrauterine vertical transmission potential of COVID-19 infection in nine pregnant women: a retrospective review of medical records. Lancet. 2020;395(10226):809-15. doi:

Dunn DT, Newell ML, Ades AE, Peckham CS. Risk of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 transmission through breastfeeding. Lancet. 1992;340(8819):585-88.doi:

Rabenau HF, Cinatl J, Morgenstern B, Bauer G, Preiser W, Doerr HW. Stability and inactivation of SARS coronavirus. Med Microbiol Immunol. 2005;194(1):1-6. doi:

Dong L, Tian J, He S, Zhu C, Wang J, Liu C, et al. Possible Vertical Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 from an Infected Mother to Her Newborn. JAMA. 2020;323(18):1846-48. doi:

Yan J, Guo J, Fan C, Juan J, Yu X, Li J, et al. Coronavirus disease 2019 in pregnant women: a report based on 116 cases. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020; 223(1): 111.e1-111.e14. doi:

Li Y, Nguyen DN, de Waard M, Christensen L, Zhou P, Jiang P, et al. Pasteurization Procedures for Donor Human Milk Affect Body Growth, Intestinal Structure, and Resistance against Bacterial Infections in Preterm Pigs. J Nutr. 2017;147(6):1121-30. doi:

Schlotterer HR, Perrin MT. Effects of Refrigerated and Frozen Storage on Holder-Pasteurized Donor Human Milk: A Systematic Review. Breastfeed Med. 2018;13(7):465-72.doi:

Escuder-Vieco D, Espinosa-Martos I, Rodríguez JM, Corzo N, Montilla A, Siegfried P, et al. High-temperature short-time pasteurization system for donor milk in a human milk bank setting. Front Microbiol. 2018;9: 926. doi:

Pitino MA, Unger S, Doyen A, Pouliot Y, Aufreiter S, Stone D, et al. High hydrostatic pressure processing better preserves the nutrient and bioactive compound composition of human donor milk. J Nutr. 2019;149(3):497-504. doi:

Williams J, Namazova-Baranova L, Weber M, Vural M, Mestrovic J, Carrasco-Sanz A, et al. The importance of continuing breastfeeding during COVID-19: in support to the WHO statement on breastfeeding during the pandemic. J Pediatr. 2020; 223: 234-236. doi:

Pérez-Escamilla R, Cunningham K, Moran VH. COVID-19, food and nutrition insecurity and the wellbeing of children, pregnant and lactating women: A complex syndemic. Matern Child Nutr. 2020 Jul;16(3):e13036. doi:

Menendez C, Gonzalez R, Donnay F, Leke RGF. Avoiding indirect effects of COVID-19 on maternal and child health. Lancet Glob Health. 2020; 8(7): e863-e864. doi:

Fore HH. A wake-up call : COVID-19 and its impact on children’s health and wellbeing. Lancet Glob Health. 2020;8(7):e861-e862. doi:

Moro GE, Billeaud C, Rachel B, Calvo J, Cavallarin L, Christen L, et al. Processing of donor human milk: Update and recommendations from the European Milk Bank Association (EMBA). Front Pediatr. 2019;7: 49. doi:

World Health Organization (WHO). COVID-19 and breastfeeding. Position paper. [Internet]: WHO, Regional office for Europe; 2020 [Fecha de consulta: 25 de mayo de 2020]. Disponible en:

PATH. Policy Brief: Ensuring equitable access to human milk for all infants A comprehensive approach to essential newborn care [Internet]. Seattle: PATH; 2017 [Fecha de consulta: 4 de abril 2020]. Disponible en:

UNICEF. UNICEF position regarding close contact and breastfeeding in COVID-19 context [Internet]. 2020 [Fecha de consulta: 10 de mayo de 2020]. Disponible en:,age%20and%20beyond)%2C%20but%20they.

UNICEF. Breastfeeding safely during the COVID-19 pandemic [Internet]. May 28, 2020 [Fecha de consulta: 1 de junio de 2020]. Disponible en:

Marinelli KA, Lawrence RM. Safe Handling of Containers of Expressed Human Milk in all Settings During the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Pandemic. J Hum Lact. 2020;00(0):1-4. doi:

Stellwagen L, Chambers C. Response to: Safe Handling of Containers of Expressed Human Milk in all Settings During the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Pandemic (Marinelli and Lawrence, 2020). J Hum Lact. 2020;36(3):541. doi:

Cómo citar
Jacome Orozco, A., Sierra Matamoros, F., López Sáleme, R., Díaz López, C., Castiblanco Lopez, N., Rodriguez Hernandez, I., & Parada Rico, D. (2020). Bancos de leche humana y COVID-19: revisión de alcance sistemático. Revista De Nutrición Clínica Y Metabolismo, 4(1).
Artículos de revisión