Consideraciones nutricionales en entrenamiento en altura

  • Mauricio Serrato Roa
Palabras clave: altura, hipoxia hipobárica, nutrición, deporte

Resumen

La altitud, moderada y alta, somete al individuo a un ambiente hostil al cual debe adaptarse. La hipoxia hipobárica causa una reducción en la presión arterial de oxígeno que produce una disminución significativa en la capacidad de generar energía, reduciendo el consumo máximo de oxígeno. Se desencadenan respuestas agudas a medida que las respuestas adaptativas se instauran. Para lograr adaptarse a la altura es necesario implementar medidas nutricionales específicas que serán definitivas para favorecer este proceso. Se deben instaurar medidas para evitar el catabolismo, lograr la adecuación nutricional, el estado de hidratación, la protección ante el estrés oxidativo, así como favorecer el aumento de la capacidad de transporte de oxígeno. Estas medidas deben hacerse en forma periódica según el plan de entrenamiento, el tipo de deporte y otras variables individuales

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Citas

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Publicado
2019-10-01
Cómo citar
Serrato Roa, M. (2019). Consideraciones nutricionales en entrenamiento en altura. Revista De Nutrición Clínica Y Metabolismo, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.35454/rncm.v2n2.010
Sección
Artículos de revisión