Recomendaciones de actividad física: un mensaje para el profesional de la salud

Palabras clave: ejercicio, mortalidad, promoción actividad física

Resumen

La actividad física regular está asociada a la prevención y tratamiento de la mayor parte de las enfermedades crónicas como las cardiovasculares, diabetes, obesidad y algunos tipos de cáncer y a la disminución de la mortalidad prematura. La AF tiene efectos importantes en la salud mental y cognitiva, calidad de sueño, desempeño cognitivo, prevención de caídas y fracturas y en la mejora de la capacidad funcional en el adulto mayor. Por tanto, la AF debería hacer parte de las recomendaciones de cualquier profesional de salud. Las guías de AF para la promoción de la salud recomiendan que toda persona a cualquier edad debe realizar AF moderada, al menos 30 minutos diarios para los adultos y 60 minutos para niños y adolescentes, y debe incluir ejercicios de fuerza muscular mínimo dos días a la semana. Además de esto, el profesional de salud debe recomendar la disminución del tiempo en comportamientos sedentarios y moverse siempre que sea posible. Más minutos y más intensidad de AF traen beneficios a cualquier edad y en cualquier condición clínica

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Publicado
2019-10-01
Cómo citar
Mahecha Matsudo, S. M. (2019). Recomendaciones de actividad física: un mensaje para el profesional de la salud. Revista De Nutrición Clínica Y Metabolismo, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.35454/rncm.v2n2.006
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